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android listview headers


android listview headers  using -'java,android,listview,header,android-arrayadapter'

I have ListView that has some kind of events on it. Events are sorted by day, and I would like to have header with date on it for every day, and then events listen below.

Here is how I populate that list:

ArrayList<TwoText> crs = new ArrayList<TwoText>();

     crs.add(new TwoText("This will be header",event.getDate()));

     for (Event event : events) {
            crs.add(new TwoText(event.getStartString()+"-"+event.getEndString(),event.getSubject()));
        }

       arrayAdapter = new TwoTextArrayAdapter(this,R.layout.my_list_item, crs);
       lv1.setAdapter(arrayAdapter);


and this is how my class TwoText looks:

public class TwoText {
    public String classID;
    public String state;

    public TwoText(String classID, String state) {
        this.classID = classID;
        this.state = state;
    }
}


and this is how my TwoTextArrayAdapter class looks:

import java.util.ArrayList;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class TwoTextArrayAdapter extends ArrayAdapter<TwoText> {

    private ArrayList<TwoText> classes;
    private Activity con;
    TextView seperator;

    public TwoTextArrayAdapter(Activity context, int textViewResourceId, ArrayList<TwoText> classes) {
        super(context, textViewResourceId, classes);
        this.con = context;
        this.classes = classes;

    }

    @Override

    public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {

        View v = convertView;

        if (v == null) {

            LayoutInflater vi = (LayoutInflater) con.getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);

            v = vi.inflate(R.layout.my_list_item, null);

        }

        TwoText user = classes.get(position);

        if (user != null) {

            TextView content1 = (TextView) v.findViewById(R.id.list_content1);

            TextView content2 = (TextView) v.findViewById(R.id.list_content2);

            if (content1 != null) {

                content1.setText(user.classID);
            }   
            if(content2 != null) {

                content2.setText(user.state);
            }
        }
        return v;
    }
}


and this is my_list_item.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <TextView
        style="?android:attr/listSeparatorTextViewStyle"
        android:id="@+id/separator"
        android:text="Header"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="#757678"
        android:textColor="#f5c227" />

    <LinearLayout
        xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="horizontal" >

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/list_content1"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_margin="5dip"
            android:clickable="false"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:longClickable="false"
            android:paddingBottom="1dip"
            android:paddingTop="1dip"
            android:text="sample"
            android:textColor="#ff7f1d"
            android:textSize="17dip"
            android:textStyle="bold" />

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/list_content2"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_margin="5dip"
            android:clickable="false"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:linksClickable="false"
            android:longClickable="false"
            android:paddingBottom="1dip"
            android:paddingTop="1dip"
            android:text="sample"
            android:textColor="#6d6d6d"
            android:textSize="17dip" />
    </LinearLayout>

</LinearLayout>


what I do at the moment is that I am adding header just as regular list object, but Id like it to be as header and in my case have a date on it.

I have this code in my xml for header:

<TextView
        style="?android:attr/listSeparatorTextViewStyle"
        android:id="@+id/separator"
        android:text="Header"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="#757678"
        android:textColor="#f5c227" />


and I tried hiding it when it is unneccessary and showing it when neccessary but I just messed up rest of my code. I tried few more tutorials but they also had same effect.

Could anyone guide me on how to do that easy way?
    

asked Sep 24, 2015 by santosh soni
0 votes
3 views



Related Hot Questions

2 Answers

0 votes

Here's how I do it, the keys are getItemViewType and getViewTypeCount in the Adapter class. getViewTypeCount returns how many types of items we have in the list, in this case we have a header item and an event item, so two. getItemViewType should return what type of View we have at the input position.

Android will then take care of passing you the right type of View in convertView automatically.

Here what the result of the code below looks like: Example

First we have an interface that our two list item types will implement

public interface Item {
    public int getViewType();
    public View getView(LayoutInflater inflater, View convertView);
}

Then we have an adapter that takes a list of Item

public class TwoTextArrayAdapter extends ArrayAdapter {
    private LayoutInflater mInflater;

    public enum RowType {
        LIST_ITEM, HEADER_ITEM
    }

    public TwoTextArrayAdapter(Context context, List items) {
        super(context, 0, items);
        mInflater = LayoutInflater.from(context);
    }

    @Override
    public int getViewTypeCount() {
        return RowType.values().length;

    }

    @Override
    public int getItemViewType(int position) {
        return getItem(position).getViewType();
    }
    @Override
    public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
        return getItem(position).getView(mInflater, convertView);
    }

EDIT Better For Performance.. can be noticed when scrolling

private static final int TYPE_ITEM = 0; private static final int TYPE_SEPARATOR = 1; public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent)  {
    ViewHolder holder = null;
    int rowType = getItemViewType(position);
    View View;
    if (convertView == null) {
        holder = new ViewHolder();
        switch (rowType) {
            case TYPE_ITEM:
                convertView = mInflater.inflate(R.layout.task_details_row, null);
                holder.View=getItem(position).getView(mInflater, convertView);
                break;
            case TYPE_SEPARATOR:
                convertView = mInflater.inflate(R.layout.task_detail_header, null);
                holder.View=getItem(position).getView(mInflater, convertView);
                break;
        }
        convertView.setTag(holder);
    }
    else
    {
        holder = (ViewHolder) convertView.getTag();
    }
    return convertView; } public static class ViewHolder {
    public  View View; } }

Then we have classes the implement Item and inflate the correct layouts. In your case you'll have something like a Header class and a ListItem class.

   public class Header implements Item {
    private final String         name;

    public Header(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    @Override
    public int getViewType() {
        return RowType.HEADER_ITEM.ordinal();
    }

    @Override
    public View getView(LayoutInflater inflater, View convertView) {
        View view;
        if (convertView == null) {
            view = (View) inflater.inflate(R.layout.header, null);
            // Do some initialization
        } else {
            view = convertView;
        }

        TextView text = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.separator);
        text.setText(name);

        return view;
    }

}

And then the ListItem class

    public class ListItem implements Item {
    private final String         str1;
    private final String         str2;

    public ListItem(String text1, String text2) {
        this.str1 = text1;
        this.str2 = text2;
    }

    @Override
    public int getViewType() {
        return RowType.LIST_ITEM.ordinal();
    }

    @Override
    public View getView(LayoutInflater inflater, View convertView) {
        View view;
        if (convertView == null) {
            view = (View) inflater.inflate(R.layout.my_list_item, null);
            // Do some initialization
        } else {
            view = convertView;
        }

        TextView text1 = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.list_content1);
        TextView text2 = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.list_content2);
        text1.setText(str1);
        text2.setText(str2);

        return view;
    }

}

And a simple Activity to display it

public class MainActivity extends ListActivity {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        List items = new ArrayList();
        items.add(new Header("Header 1"));
        items.add(new ListItem("Text 1", "Rabble rabble"));
        items.add(new ListItem("Text 2", "Rabble rabble"));
        items.add(new ListItem("Text 3", "Rabble rabble"));
        items.add(new ListItem("Text 4", "Rabble rabble"));
        items.add(new Header("Header 2"));
        items.add(new ListItem("Text 5", "Rabble rabble"));
        items.add(new ListItem("Text 6", "Rabble rabble"));
        items.add(new ListItem("Text 7", "Rabble rabble"));
        items.add(new ListItem("Text 8", "Rabble rabble"));

        TwoTextArrayAdapter adapter = new TwoTextArrayAdapter(this, items);
        setListAdapter(adapter);
    }

}

Layout for R.layout.header


http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="horizontal" >

    


Layout for R.layout.my_list_item


http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="horizontal" >

    

    


Layout for R.layout.activity_main.xml

http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity" >

    


You can also get fancier and use ViewHolders, load stuff asynchronously, or whatever you like.

answered Sep 24, 2015 by vijayshukla80
0 votes

As an alternative, there's a nice 3rd party library designed just for this use case. Whereby you need to generate headers based on the data being stored in the adapter. They are called Rolodex adapters and are used with ExpandableListViews. They can easily be customized to behave like a normal list with headers.

Using the OP's Event objects and knowing the headers are based on the Date associated with it...the code would look something like this:

The Activity

    //There's no need to pre-compute what the headers are. Just pass in your List of objects. 
    EventDateAdapter adapter = new EventDateAdapter(this, mEvents);
    mExpandableListView.setAdapter(adapter);

The Adapter

private class EventDateAdapter extends NFRolodexArrayAdapter {

    public EventDateAdapter(Context activity, Collection items) {
        super(activity, items);
    }

    @Override
    public Date createGroupFor(Event childItem) {
        //This is how the adapter determines what the headers are and what child items belong to it
        return (Date) childItem.getDate().clone();
    }

    @Override
    public View getChildView(LayoutInflater inflater, int groupPosition, int childPosition,
                             boolean isLastChild, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
        //Inflate your view

        //Gets the Event data for this view
        Event event = getChild(groupPosition, childPosition);

        //Fill view with event data
    }

    @Override
    public View getGroupView(LayoutInflater inflater, int groupPosition, boolean isExpanded,
                             View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
        //Inflate your header view

        //Gets the Date for this view
        Date date = getGroup(groupPosition);

        //Fill view with date data
    }

    @Override
    public boolean hasAutoExpandingGroups() {
        //This forces our group views (headers) to always render expanded.
        //Even attempting to programmatically collapse a group will not work.
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isGroupSelectable(int groupPosition) {
        //This prevents a user from seeing any touch feedback when a group (header) is clicked.
        return false;
    }
}
answered Sep 24, 2015 by android_master

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