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php explode the string but treat words in quotes as a single word


php explode the string but treat words in quotes as a single word  using -'php,quotes,explode,str-replace'

How can I explode the following string:

Lorem ipsum "dolor sit amet" consectetur "adipiscing elit" dolor


into

array("Lorem", "ipsum", "dolor sit amet", "consectetur", "adipiscing elit", "dolor")


So that the text in quotation is treated as a single word.

Here's what I have for now:

$mytext = "Lorem ipsum %22dolor sit amet%22 consectetur %22adipiscing elit%22 dolor"
$noquotes = str_replace("%22", "", $mytext");
$newarray = explode(" ", $noquotes);


but my code divides each word into an array. How do I make words inside quotation marks treated as one word?
    

asked Sep 30, 2015 by bhavin
0 votes
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5 Answers

0 votes

You could use a preg_match_all(...):

$text = 'Lorem ipsum "dolor sit amet" consectetur "adipiscing \\"elit" dolor';
preg_match_all('/"(?:\\\\.|[^\\\\"])*"|\S+/', $text, $matches);
print_r($matches);

which will produce:

Array
(
    [0] => Array
        (
            [0] => Lorem
            [1] => ipsum
            [2] => "dolor sit amet"
            [3] => consectetur
            [4] => "adipiscing \"elit"
            [5] => dolor
        )

)

And as you can see, it also accounts for escaped quotes inside quoted strings.

EDIT

A short explanation:

"           # match the character '"'
(?:         # start non-capture group 1 
  \\        #   match the character '\'
  .         #   match any character except line breaks
  |         #   OR
  [^\\"]    #   match any character except '\' and '"'
)*          # end non-capture group 1 and repeat it zero or more times
"           # match the character '"'
|           # OR
\S+         # match a non-whitespace character: [^\s] and repeat it one or more times

And in case of matching %22 instead of double quotes, you'd do:

preg_match_all('/%22(?:\\\\.|(?!%22).)*%22|\S+/', $text, $matches);
answered Sep 30, 2015 by yashwantpinge
0 votes

This would have been much easier with str_getcsv().

$test = 'Lorem ipsum "dolor sit amet" consectetur "adipiscing elit" dolor';
var_dump(str_getcsv($test, ' '));

Gives you

array(6) {
  [0]=>
  string(5) "Lorem"
  [1]=>
  string(5) "ipsum"
  [2]=>
  string(14) "dolor sit amet"
  [3]=>
  string(11) "consectetur"
  [4]=>
  string(15) "adipiscing elit"
  [5]=>
  string(5) "dolor"
}
answered Sep 30, 2015 by atulpariharmca
0 votes

You can also try this multiple explode function

function multiexplode ($delimiters,$string)
{

$ready = str_replace($delimiters, $delimiters[0], $string);
$launch = explode($delimiters[0], $ready);
return  $launch;
}

$text = "here is a sample: this text, and this will be exploded. this also | this one too :)";
$exploded = multiexplode(array(",",".","|",":"),$text);

print_r($exploded);
answered Sep 30, 2015 by thiru
0 votes

I came here with a complex string splitting problem similar to this, but none of the answers here did exactly what I wanted - so I wrote my own.

I am posting it here just in case it is helpful to someone else.

This is probably a very slow and inefficient way to do it - but it works for me.

function explode_adv($openers, $closers, $togglers, $delimiters, $str)
{
    $chars = str_split($str);
    $parts = [];
    $nextpart = "";
    $toggle_states = array_fill_keys($togglers, false); // true = now inside, false = now outside
    $depth = 0;
    foreach($chars as $char)
    {
        if(in_array($char, $openers))
            $depth++;
        elseif(in_array($char, $closers))
            $depth--;
        elseif(in_array($char, $togglers))
        {
            if($toggle_states[$char])
                $depth--; // we are inside a toggle block, leave it and decrease the depth
            else
                // we are outside a toggle block, enter it and increase the depth
                $depth++;

            // invert the toggle block state
            $toggle_states[$char] = !$toggle_states[$char];
        }
        else
            $nextpart .= $char;

        if($depth < 0) $depth = 0;

        if(in_array($char, $delimiters) &&
           $depth == 0 &&
           !in_array($char, $closers))
        {
            $parts[] = substr($nextpart, 0, -1);
            $nextpart = "";
        }
    }
    if(strlen($nextpart) > 0)
        $parts[] = $nextpart;

    return $parts;
}

Usage is as follows. explode_adv takes 5 arguments:

  1. An array of characters that open a block - e.g. [, (, etc.
  2. An array of characters that close a block - e.g. ], ), etc.
  3. An array of characters that toggle a block - e.g. ", ', etc.
  4. An array of characters that should cause a split into the next part.
  5. The string to work on.

This method probably has flaws - edits are welcome.

answered Sep 30, 2015 by sumit_jaiswalmca
0 votes

In some situations the little known token_get_all() might prove useful:

$tokens = token_get_all("");
$separator = ' ';
$items = array();
$item = "";
$last = count($tokens) - 1;
foreach($tokens as $index => $token) {
    if($index != 0 && $index != $last) {
        if(count($token) == 3) {
            if($token[0] == T_CONSTANT_ENCAPSED_STRING) {
                $token = substr($token[1], 1, -1);
            } else {
                $token = $token[1];
            }
        }
        if($token == $separator) {
            $items[] = $item;
            $item = "";
        } else {
            $item .= $token;
        }
    }
}

Results:

Array
(
    [0] => Lorem
    [1] => ipsum
    [2] => dolor sit amet
    [3] => consectetur
    [4] => adipiscing elit
    [5] => dolor
)
answered Sep 30, 2015 by 20shahi

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