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multi collection multi document transactions in mongodb
multi collection multi document transactions in mongodb ¬†using -'mongodb,transactions'
I realise that MongoDB, by it's very nature, doesn't and probably never will support these kinds of transactions. ¬†However, I have found that I do need to use them in a somewhat limited fashion, so I've come up with the following solution, and I'm wondering: is this the best way of doing it, and can it be improved upon? (before I go and implement it in my app!)
Obviously the transaction is controlled via the application (in my case, a Python web app). ¬†For each document in this transaction (in any collection), the following fields are added:
'lock_status': bool (true = locked, false = unlocked),
'data_old': dict (of any old values - current values really - that are being changed),
'data_new': dict (of values replacing the old (current) values - should be an identical list to data_old),
'change_complete': bool (true = the update to this specific document has occurred and was successful),
'transaction_id': ObjectId of the parent transaction
In addition, there is a transaction collection which stores documents detailing each transaction in progress. ¬†They look like:
¬†¬†¬†¬†'status': bool (true = all changes successful, false = in progress),
¬†¬†¬†¬†'collections': array of collection names involved in the transaction
And here's the logic of the process. Hopefully it works in such a way that if it's interupted, or fails in some other way, it can be rolled back properly.
1: Set up a transaction document
2: For each document that is affected by this transaction:
Set lock_status to true (to 'lock' the document from being modified)
Set data_old and data_new to their old and new values
Set change_complete to false
Set transaction_id to the ObjectId of the transaction document we just made
3: Perform the update. For each document affected:
Replace any affected fields in that document with the data_new values
Set change_complete to true
4: Set the transaction document's status to true (as all data has been modified successfully)
5: For each document affected by the transaction, do some clean up:
remove the data_old and data_new, as they're no longer needed
set lock_status to false (to unlock the document)
6: Remove the transaction document set up in step 1 (or as suggested, mark it as complete)
I think that logically works in such a way that if it fails at any point, all data can be either rolled back or the transaction can be continued (depending on what you want to do). ¬†Obviously all rollback/recovery/etc. is performed by the application and not the database, by using the transaction documents and the documents in the other collections with that transaction_id.
Is there any glaring error in this logic that I've missed or overlooked? ¬†Is there a more efficient way of going about it (e.g. less writing/reading from the database)?
Sep 30, 2015
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