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making a simple ajax call to controller in asp net mvc


making a simple ajax call to controller in asp net mvc  using -'c#,jquery,asp.net,asp.net-mvc,asp.net-mvc-2'

I'm trying to get started with ASP.NET MVC Ajax calls.

Controller:

public class AjaxTestController : Controller
{
    //
    // GET: /AjaxTest/
    public ActionResult Index()
    {
        return View();
    }

    public ActionResult FirstAjax()
    {
        return Json("chamara", JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);
    }   
}


View:

<head runat="server">
    <title>FirstAjax</title>
    <script src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
    <script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.0.0/jquery.min.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        $(document).ready(function () {
            var serviceURL = '/AjaxTest/FirstAjax';

            $.ajax({
                type: "POST",
                url: serviceURL,
                data: param = "",
                contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8",
                dataType: "json",
                success: successFunc,
                error: errorFunc
            });

            function successFunc(data, status) {     
                alert(data);
            }

            function errorFunc() {
                alert('error');
            }
        });
    </script>
</head>


I just need to print an alert with the controller method returning data. Above code just print "chamara" on my view. An alert is not firing.

UPDATE

I modified my controller as below and it start working. I don't have an clear idea why it's working now. Some one please explain. The parameter "a" does not related i added it because i can not add two methods with same method name and parameters.I think this might not be the solution but its working

public class AjaxTestController : Controller
    {
        //
        // GET: /AjaxTest/
        [HttpGet]
        public ActionResult FirstAjax()
        {
            return View();
        }

        [HttpPost]
        public ActionResult FirstAjax(string a)
        {
            return Json("chamara", JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);
        }
    }

    

asked Oct 7, 2015 by akhilesh
0 votes
11 views



Related Hot Questions

5 Answers

0 votes

After the update you have done,

  1. its first calling the FirstAjax action with default HttpGet request and renders the blank Html view . (Earlier you were not having it)
  2. later on loading of DOM elements of that view your Ajax call get fired and displays alert.

Earlier you were only returning JSON to browser without rendering any HTML. Now it has a HTML view rendered where it can get your JSON Data.

You can't directly render JSON its plain data not HTML.

answered Oct 7, 2015 by r3tt
0 votes

Remove the data attribute as you are not POSTING anything to the server (Your controller does not expect any parameters).

And in your AJAX Method you can use Razor and use @Url.Action rather than a static string:

$.ajax({
    url: '@Url.Action("FirstAjax", "AjaxTest")',
    contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8",
    dataType: "json",
    success: successFunc,
    error: errorFunc
});

From your update:

$.ajax({
    type: "POST",
    url: '@Url.Action("FirstAjax", "AjaxTest")',
    contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8",
    data: { a: "testing" },
    dataType: "json",
    success: function() { alert('Success'); },
    error: errorFunc
});
answered Oct 7, 2015 by deepak gupta
0 votes

It's for your UPDATE question.

Since you cannot have two methods with the same name and signature you have to use the ActionName attribute:

UPDATE:

[HttpGet]
public ActionResult FirstAjax()
{
    Some Code--Some Code---Some Code
    return View();
}

[HttpPost]
[ActionName("FirstAjax")]
public ActionResult FirstAjaxPost()
{
    Some Code--Some Code---Some Code
    return View();
}

And please refer this link for further reference of how a method becomes an action. Very good reference though.

answered Oct 7, 2015 by mca.agarwal
0 votes

instead of url: serviceURL, use

url: '<%= serviceURL%>',

and are you passing 2 parameters to successFunc?

function successFunc(data)
 {
   alert(data);
 }
answered Oct 7, 2015 by shikhar jain
0 votes

Add "JsonValueProviderFactory" in global.asax :

protected void Application_Start()
{
    AreaRegistration.RegisterAllAreas();
    ValueProviderFactories.Factories.Add(new JsonValueProviderFactory());
}
answered Oct 7, 2015 by sandeep bhadauria

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