improve performance on sending bulk emails through spring mail

improve performance on sending bulk emails through spring mail  using -'java,spring,performance,email,bulk'

I have a spring-stand alone application which uses  simple spring email code as below , the to and the message is constructed using the values iterated from map.

I have already had some suggestions for the question here , but i am in need of some specific advise for this. below is my code

for (Map.Entry<String, List<values>> entry : testMap
                .entrySet()) {
            String key = entry.getKey();
            StringBuilder htmlBuilder = new StringBuilder();            
            List<Model> valueList = entry.getValue();
            for (Model value : valueList) {
                htmlBuilder.append('List Values in the message');
            mail.sendMail( msgFrom,body); // call my sendMail function in another class

Code for sending mail :

        MimeMessage email = mailSender.createMimeMessage();
        MimeMessageHelper helper = new MimeMessageHelper(email, true);
        helper.setFrom(new InternetAddress(from));
        helper.setTo(new InternetAddress(to));
        helper.setText(msg, true);
        helper.addInline("identifier1234", res);

It takes 3 to 4 seconds to send mail . I have large user list of around 400,000 each day to be sent

Am i doing anything wrong or anyother approach to fasten this process. I am in need of experts advise

Thanks for your time and help :)

asked Oct 13, 2015 by vijaygupta1980
0 votes

2 Answers

0 votes

IMHO, the process of sending mail itself can be improved, because currently, you open an new connection to mail server per message. You could improve it by using batched sending.

Spring MailSender interface natively supports sending of an array of messages instead of a single one, so you do not have do explicitely deal with JavaMail Session. You could simply modifiy the class actually sending the mail that way

int batchSize = 16; // for example, adjust it to you needs
MimeMessage[] messages = new MimeMessage[batchSize];
int messageIndex = 0;

public void sendMail(String msgFrom, String body) {
    // prepare MimeMessage
    messages[messageIndex++] = email;
    if (messagesIndex == batchSize) {
        messageIndex = 0;

public void sendLastMails() {
    if (messageIndex > 0) {
        MimeMessage[] lastMessages = new MimeMessage[messageIndex];
        for (int i =0; i


The sendLastMails method may be called in several places. First, it must be called in the destroy method of a singleton bean to make sure no messages are forgotten when application closes. If the class sending mail is a singleton bean, it is enough to declare that the destroy method for the bean is sendLastMail, or calls it.

Then depending on you own business rules, it may be called after a batch of mails have been sent. Typical usage : in you example, you have testMap. You should rewrite it that way :

    for (Map.Entry> entry : testMap
            .entrySet()) {
        mail.sendMail( msgFrom,body); // call my sendMail function in another class

Now it is up to you to see if this improvement is enough or if you should outsource.

answered Oct 13, 2015 by android_master
0 votes

You can enclose sendMail into separate Runnable class and put tasks into ExecutorService ( or use @Async above sendMail method, but this is harded to configure - just my opinion ).

answered Oct 13, 2015 by ashish singh