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java equivalent to phps preg replace callback


java equivalent to phps preg replace callback  using -'java,php,regex,preg-replace'

I'm in the process of moving an application from PHP to Java and there is heavy use of regular expressions in the code.  I've run across something in PHP that doesn't seem to have a java equivalent:

preg_replace_callback()


For every match in the regex, it calls a function that is passed the match text as a parameter.  As an example usage:

$articleText = preg_replace_callback("/\[thumb(\d+)\]/",'thumbReplace', $articleText);
# ...
function thumbReplace($matches) {
   global $photos;
   return "<img src=\"thumbs/" . $photos[$matches[1]] . "\">";
}


What would be the ideal way to do this in Java?
    

asked Oct 19, 2015 by maurya
0 votes
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5 Answers

0 votes

IMPORTANT: As pointed out by Kip in the comments, this class has an infinite loop bug if the matching regex matches on the replacement string. I'll leave it as an exercise to readers to fix it, if necessary.


I don't know of anything similar that's built into Java. You could roll your own without too much difficulty, using the Matcher class:

import java.util.regex.*;

public class CallbackMatcher
{
    public static interface Callback
    {
        public String foundMatch(MatchResult matchResult);
    }

    private final Pattern pattern;

    public CallbackMatcher(String regex)
    {
        this.pattern = Pattern.compile(regex);
    }

    public String replaceMatches(String string, Callback callback)
    {
        final Matcher matcher = this.pattern.matcher(string);
        while(matcher.find())
        {
            final MatchResult matchResult = matcher.toMatchResult();
            final String replacement = callback.foundMatch(matchResult);
            string = string.substring(0, matchResult.start()) +
                     replacement + string.substring(matchResult.end());
            matcher.reset(string);
        }
    }
}

Then call:

final CallbackMatcher.Callback callback = new CallbackMatcher.Callback() {
    public String foundMatch(MatchResult matchResult)
    {
        return "";
    }
};

final CallbackMatcher callbackMatcher = new CallbackMatcher("/\[thumb(\d+)\]/");
callbackMatcher.replaceMatches(articleText, callback);

Note that you can get the entire matched string by calling matchResults.group() or matchResults.group(0), so it's not necessary to pass the callback the current string state.

EDIT: Made it look more like the exact functionality of the PHP function.

Here's the original, since the asker liked it:

public class CallbackMatcher
{
    public static interface Callback
    {
        public void foundMatch(MatchResult matchResult);
    }

    private final Pattern pattern;

    public CallbackMatcher(String regex)
    {
        this.pattern = Pattern.compile(regex);
    }

    public String findMatches(String string, Callback callback)
    {
        final Matcher matcher = this.pattern.matcher(string);
        while(matcher.find())
        {
            callback.foundMatch(matcher.toMatchResult());
        }
    }
}

For this particular use case, it might be best to simply queue each match in the callback, then afterwards run through them backwards. This will prevent having to remap indexes as the string is modified.

answered Oct 19, 2015 by badhwar.rohit
0 votes

Trying to emulate PHP's callback feature seems an awful lot of work when you could just use appendReplacement() and appendTail() in a loop:

StringBuffer resultString = new StringBuffer();
Pattern regex = Pattern.compile("regex");
Matcher regexMatcher = regex.matcher(subjectString);
while (regexMatcher.find()) {
  // You can vary the replacement text for each match on-the-fly
  regexMatcher.appendReplacement(resultString, "replacement");
}
regexMatcher.appendTail(resultString);
answered Oct 19, 2015 by tejas lakhani
0 votes

I wasn't quite satisfied with any of the solutions here. I wanted a stateless solution. And I didn't want to end up in an infinite loop if my replacement string happened to match the pattern. While I was at it I added support for a limit parameter and a returned count parameter. (I used an AtomicInteger to simulate passing an integer by reference.) I moved the callback parameter to the end of the parameter list, to make it easier to define an anonymous class.

Here is an example of usage:

final Map props = new HashMap();
props.put("MY_NAME", "Kip");
props.put("DEPT", "R&D");
props.put("BOSS", "Dave");

String subjectString = "Hi my name is ${MY_NAME} and I work in ${DEPT} for ${BOSS}";
String sRegex = "\\$\\{([A-Za-z0-9_]+)\\}";

String replacement = ReplaceCallback.replace(sRegex, subjectString, new ReplaceCallback.Callback() {
  public String matchFound(MatchResult match) {
    String group1 = match.group(1);
    if(group1 != null && props.containsKey(group1))
      return props.get(group1);
    return match.group();
  }
});

System.out.println("replacement: " + replacement);

And here is my version of ReplaceCallback class:

import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicInteger;
import java.util.regex.*;

public class ReplaceCallback
{
  public static interface Callback {
    /**
     * This function is called when a match is made. The string which was matched
     * can be obtained via match.group(), and the individual groupings via
     * match.group(n).
     */
    public String matchFound(MatchResult match);
  }

  /**
   * Replaces with callback, with no limit to the number of replacements.
   * Probably what you want most of the time.
   */
  public static String replace(String pattern, String subject, Callback callback)
  {
    return replace(pattern, subject, -1, null, callback);
  }

  public static String replace(String pattern, String subject, int limit, Callback callback)
  {
    return replace(pattern, subject, limit, null, callback);
  }

  /**
   * @param regex    The regular expression pattern to search on.
   * @param subject  The string to be replaced.
   * @param limit    The maximum number of replacements to make. A negative value
   *                 indicates replace all.
   * @param count    If this is not null, it will be set to the number of
   *                 replacements made.
   * @param callback Callback function
   */
  public static String replace(String regex, String subject, int limit,
          AtomicInteger count, Callback callback)
  {
    StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
    Matcher matcher = Pattern.compile(regex).matcher(subject);
    int i;
    for(i = 0; (limit < 0 || i < limit) && matcher.find(); i++)
    {
      String replacement = callback.matchFound(matcher.toMatchResult());
      replacement = Matcher.quoteReplacement(replacement); //probably what you want...
      matcher.appendReplacement(sb, replacement);
    }
    matcher.appendTail(sb);

    if(count != null)
      count.set(i);
    return sb.toString();
  }
}
answered Oct 19, 2015 by tseetha
0 votes

I found that jdmichal's answer would infinite loop if your returned string could be matched again; below is a modification which prevents infinite loops from this matching.

public String replaceMatches(String string, Callback callback) {
    String result = "";
    final Matcher matcher = this.pattern.matcher(string);
    int lastMatch = 0;
    while(matcher.find())
    {
        final MatchResult matchResult = matcher.toMatchResult();
        final String replacement = callback.foundMatch(matchResult);
        result += string.substring(lastMatch, matchResult.start()) +
            replacement;
        lastMatch = matchResult.end();
    }
    if (lastMatch < string.length())
        result += string.substring(lastMatch);
    return result;
}
answered Oct 19, 2015 by atulpariharmca
0 votes

Here is the final result of what I did with your suggestion. I thought it would be nice to have out here in case someone has the same problem. The resulting calling code looks like:

content = ReplaceCallback.find(content, regex, new ReplaceCallback.Callback() {
    public String matches(MatchResult match) {
    	// Do something special not normally allowed in regex's...
    	return "newstring"
    }
});

The entire class listing follows:

import java.util.regex.MatchResult;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;
import java.util.regex.Matcher;
import java.util.Stack;

/**
 * 

* Class that provides a method for doing regular expression string replacement by passing the matched string to * a function that operates on the string. The result of the operation is then used to replace the original match. *

*

Example:

*
 * ReplaceCallback.find("string to search on", "/regular(expression/", new ReplaceCallback.Callback() {
 *  	public String matches(MatchResult match) {
 *  		// query db or whatever...
 *  		return match.group().replaceAll("2nd level replacement", "blah blah");
 *  	}
 * });
 * 
*

* This, in effect, allows for a second level of string regex processing. *

* */ public class ReplaceCallback { public static interface Callback { public String matches(MatchResult match); } private final Pattern pattern; private Callback callback; private class Result { int start; int end; String replace; } /** * You probably don't need this. {@see find(String, String, Callback)} * @param regex The string regex to use * @param callback An instance of Callback to execute on matches */ public ReplaceCallback(String regex, final Callback callback) { this.pattern = Pattern.compile(regex); this.callback = callback; } public String execute(String string) { final Matcher matcher = this.pattern.matcher(string); Stack results = new Stack(); while(matcher.find()) { final MatchResult matchResult = matcher.toMatchResult(); Result r = new Result(); r.replace = callback.matches(matchResult); if(r.replace == null) continue; r.start = matchResult.start(); r.end = matchResult.end(); results.push(r); } // Improve this with a stringbuilder... while(!results.empty()) { Result r = results.pop(); string = string.substring(0, r.start) + r.replace + string.substring(r.end); } return string; } /** * If you wish to reuse the regex multiple times with different callbacks or search strings, you can create a * ReplaceCallback directly and use this method to perform the search and replace. * * @param string The string we are searching through * @param callback A callback instance that will be applied to the regex match results. * @return The modified search string. */ public String execute(String string, final Callback callback) { this.callback = callback; return execute(string); } /** * Use this static method to perform your regex search. * @param search The string we are searching through * @param regex The regex to apply to the string * @param callback A callback instance that will be applied to the regex match results. * @return The modified search string. */ public static String find(String search, String regex, Callback callback) { ReplaceCallback rc = new ReplaceCallback(regex, callback); return rc.execute(search); } }
answered Oct 19, 2015 by pradip.bhoge

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