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what is the equivalent of sql server apply in oracle


what is the equivalent of sql server apply in oracle  using -'oracle,plsql'

asked Sep 9, 2015 by FreCollee
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2 Answers

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I think the equivalent of the APPLY clause in Oracle is called a lateral JOIN. A lateral join in Oracle is when you join a table A with a function F that outputs rows and this function has columns of A as parameters.

Let's build a small example with this setup:

SQL> CREATE OR REPLACE TYPE emp_row AS OBJECT (
  2     empno NUMBER(4),
  3     ename VARCHAR(10),
  4     job VARCHAR(9),
  5     deptno NUMBER(2)
  6  );
  7  /

Type created
SQL> CREATE OR REPLACE TYPE emp_tab AS TABLE OF emp_row;
  2  /

Type created
SQL> CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION get_emp_dept(p_deptno NUMBER) RETURN emp_tab IS
  2     l_result emp_tab;
  3  BEGIN
  4     SELECT emp_row(empno, ename, job, deptno)
  5       BULK COLLECT INTO l_result
  6       FROM emp
  7      WHERE deptno = p_deptno;
  8     RETURN l_result;
  9  END get_emp_dept;
 10  /

Function created

A lateral join is automatic in Oracle, there is no special keyword:

SQL> SELECT dept.dname, emp.empno, emp.ename, emp.job
  2    FROM dept
  3   CROSS JOIN TABLE(get_emp_dept(dept.deptno)) emp;

DNAME          EMPNO ENAME      JOB
-------------- ----- ---------- ---------
ACCOUNTING      7782 CLARK      MANAGER
ACCOUNTING      7839 KING       PRESIDENT
ACCOUNTING      7934 MILLER     CLERK
RESEARCH        7369 SMITH      CLERK
RESEARCH        7566 JONES      MANAGER
RESEARCH        7788 SCOTT      ANALYST
RESEARCH        7876 ADAMS      CLERK
RESEARCH        7902 FORD       ANALYST
SALES           7499 ALLEN      SALESMAN
SALES           7521 WARD       SALESMAN
SALES           7654 MARTIN     SALESMAN
SALES           7698 BLAKE      MANAGER
SALES           7844 TURNER     SALESMAN
SALES           7900 JAMES      CLERK

14 rows selected
answered Sep 9, 2015 by GeorgiaX58sa
0 votes

In Oracle we can use a pipelined function in the FROM clause by using the TABLE() function.

SQL> select * from table( get_dept_emps (10) )
  2  /

ENAME                                 SAL MGR
------------------------------ ---------- ---------------------
BOEHMER                              2450 SCHNEIDER
SCHNEIDER                            5000
KISHORE                              1300 BOEHMER

SQL>

This can be treated like any other table, for instance, by joining to it:

SQL> select t.*
  2         , e.empno
  3  from
  4     table( get_dept_emps (10) ) t
  5             join emp e
  6             on e.ename = t.ename
  7  /

ENAME             SAL MGR             EMPNO
---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
BOEHMER          2450 SCHNEIDER        7782
SCHNEIDER        5000                  7839
KISHORE          1300 BOEHMER          7934

SQL>
answered Sep 9, 2015 by WendellRuddm

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