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where is android os systemproperties


where is android os systemproperties  using -'android'

I'm looking at the Android Camera code and when I try importing android.os.SystemProperties It cannot be found.

here is the file I'm looking at.
http://android.git.kernel.org/?p=platform/packages/apps/Camera.git;a=blob;f=src/com/android/camera/VideoCamera.java;h=8effd3c7e2841eb1ccf0cfce52ca71085642d113;hb=refs/heads/eclair

I created a new 2.1 project and tried importing this namespace again, but It still cannot be found. I checked developer.android.com and SystemProperties was not listed

Did i miss something?
    

asked Sep 15, 2015 by FlorianHartm
0 votes
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6 Answers

0 votes

If you use the "reflection" option, you may use the class below

package com.etc.etc;

import java.io.File;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import android.content.Context;
import dalvik.system.DexFile;


public class SystemPropertiesProxy
{

/**
 * This class cannot be instantiated
 */
private SystemPropertiesProxy(){

}

    /**
     * Get the value for the given key.
     * @return an empty string if the key isn't found
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the key exceeds 32 characters
     */
    public static String get(Context context, String key) throws IllegalArgumentException {

        String ret= "";

        try{

          ClassLoader cl = context.getClassLoader(); 
          @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
          Class SystemProperties = cl.loadClass("android.os.SystemProperties");

          //Parameters Types
          @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
              Class[] paramTypes= new Class[1];
          paramTypes[0]= String.class;

          Method get = SystemProperties.getMethod("get", paramTypes);

          //Parameters
          Object[] params= new Object[1];
          params[0]= new String(key);

          ret= (String) get.invoke(SystemProperties, params);

        }catch( IllegalArgumentException iAE ){
            throw iAE;
        }catch( Exception e ){
            ret= "";
            //TODO
        }

        return ret;

    }

    /**
     * Get the value for the given key.
     * @return if the key isn't found, return def if it isn't null, or an empty string otherwise
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the key exceeds 32 characters
     */
    public static String get(Context context, String key, String def) throws IllegalArgumentException {

        String ret= def;

        try{

          ClassLoader cl = context.getClassLoader(); 
          @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
          Class SystemProperties = cl.loadClass("android.os.SystemProperties");

          //Parameters Types
          @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
              Class[] paramTypes= new Class[2];
          paramTypes[0]= String.class;
          paramTypes[1]= String.class;          

          Method get = SystemProperties.getMethod("get", paramTypes);

          //Parameters
          Object[] params= new Object[2];
          params[0]= new String(key);
          params[1]= new String(def);

          ret= (String) get.invoke(SystemProperties, params);

        }catch( IllegalArgumentException iAE ){
            throw iAE;
        }catch( Exception e ){
            ret= def;
            //TODO
        }

        return ret;

    }

    /**
     * Get the value for the given key, and return as an integer.
     * @param key the key to lookup
     * @param def a default value to return
     * @return the key parsed as an integer, or def if the key isn't found or
     *         cannot be parsed
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the key exceeds 32 characters
     */
    public static Integer getInt(Context context, String key, int def) throws IllegalArgumentException {

        Integer ret= def;

        try{

          ClassLoader cl = context.getClassLoader(); 
          @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
          Class SystemProperties = cl.loadClass("android.os.SystemProperties");

          //Parameters Types
          @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
              Class[] paramTypes= new Class[2];
          paramTypes[0]= String.class;
          paramTypes[1]= int.class;  

          Method getInt = SystemProperties.getMethod("getInt", paramTypes);

          //Parameters
          Object[] params= new Object[2];
          params[0]= new String(key);
          params[1]= new Integer(def);

          ret= (Integer) getInt.invoke(SystemProperties, params);

        }catch( IllegalArgumentException iAE ){
            throw iAE;
        }catch( Exception e ){
            ret= def;
            //TODO
        }

        return ret;

    }

    /**
     * Get the value for the given key, and return as a long.
     * @param key the key to lookup
     * @param def a default value to return
     * @return the key parsed as a long, or def if the key isn't found or
     *         cannot be parsed
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the key exceeds 32 characters
     */
    public static Long getLong(Context context, String key, long def) throws IllegalArgumentException {

        Long ret= def;

        try{

          ClassLoader cl = context.getClassLoader();
          @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
              Class SystemProperties= cl.loadClass("android.os.SystemProperties");

          //Parameters Types
          @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
              Class[] paramTypes= new Class[2];
          paramTypes[0]= String.class;
          paramTypes[1]= long.class;  

          Method getLong = SystemProperties.getMethod("getLong", paramTypes);

          //Parameters
          Object[] params= new Object[2];
          params[0]= new String(key);
          params[1]= new Long(def);

          ret= (Long) getLong.invoke(SystemProperties, params);

        }catch( IllegalArgumentException iAE ){
            throw iAE;
        }catch( Exception e ){
            ret= def;
            //TODO
        }

        return ret;

    }

    /**
     * Get the value for the given key, returned as a boolean.
     * Values 'n', 'no', '0', 'false' or 'off' are considered false.
     * Values 'y', 'yes', '1', 'true' or 'on' are considered true.
     * (case insensitive).
     * If the key does not exist, or has any other value, then the default
     * result is returned.
     * @param key the key to lookup
     * @param def a default value to return
     * @return the key parsed as a boolean, or def if the key isn't found or is
     *         not able to be parsed as a boolean.
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the key exceeds 32 characters
     */
    public static Boolean getBoolean(Context context, String key, boolean def) throws IllegalArgumentException {

        Boolean ret= def;

        try{

          ClassLoader cl = context.getClassLoader(); 
          @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
          Class SystemProperties = cl.loadClass("android.os.SystemProperties");

          //Parameters Types
          @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
              Class[] paramTypes= new Class[2];
          paramTypes[0]= String.class;
          paramTypes[1]= boolean.class;  

          Method getBoolean = SystemProperties.getMethod("getBoolean", paramTypes);

          //Parameters         
          Object[] params= new Object[2];
          params[0]= new String(key);
          params[1]= new Boolean(def);

          ret= (Boolean) getBoolean.invoke(SystemProperties, params);

        }catch( IllegalArgumentException iAE ){
            throw iAE;
        }catch( Exception e ){
            ret= def;
            //TODO
        }

        return ret;

    }

    /**
     * Set the value for the given key.
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the key exceeds 32 characters
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the value exceeds 92 characters
     */
    public static void set(Context context, String key, String val) throws IllegalArgumentException {

        try{

          @SuppressWarnings("unused")
          DexFile df = new DexFile(new File("/system/app/Settings.apk"));
          @SuppressWarnings("unused")
          ClassLoader cl = context.getClassLoader(); 
          @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
          Class SystemProperties = Class.forName("android.os.SystemProperties");

          //Parameters Types
          @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
              Class[] paramTypes= new Class[2];
          paramTypes[0]= String.class;
          paramTypes[1]= String.class;  

          Method set = SystemProperties.getMethod("set", paramTypes);

          //Parameters         
          Object[] params= new Object[2];
          params[0]= new String(key);
          params[1]= new String(val);

          set.invoke(SystemProperties, params);

        }catch( IllegalArgumentException iAE ){
            throw iAE;
        }catch( Exception e ){
            //TODO
        }

    }
}
answered Sep 15, 2015 by LouellaFoels
0 votes

This is the class in the Android source code

http://google.com/codesearch/p?hl=en#uX1GffpyOZk/core/java/android/os/SystemProperties.java&sa=N&cd=1&ct=rc

See {@hide} in the class JavaDoc? That means this class won't be exported as part of the public SDK.

The camera app uses it as it's internal and they won't use the public SDK to build it.

You may still be able to get at this class

  1. by reflection or

  2. by getting the source, removing @hide and making your own customized SDK.

    However pretty much by definition you are now going 'off SDK' and therefore your app may well be broken or get different behavior on OS versions as the Android folks will make little effort not to change this class between versions.

answered Sep 15, 2015 by LouHudak
0 votes

After a lot of messing around I've finally got reflection code above working to both set and create new native system properties, there are some caveats:

  1. You need to be the system user, add: android:sharedUserId="android.uid.system" to the manifest.

  2. You need to sign your APK with the platform key, I cheated and just overrode the default debug signing key in eclipse as show here: http://stoned-android.blogspot.co.uk/2012_01_01_archive.html

  3. The native system properties service has an ACL that controls all write access to properties you can subvert a key space (such as sys. or debug.). See /system/core/init/property_service.c:

    { "net.", AID_SYSTEM, 0 }, { "dev.", AID_SYSTEM, 0 }, { "runtime.", AID_SYSTEM, 0 }, { "hw.", AID_SYSTEM, 0 }, { "sys.", AID_SYSTEM, 0 }, { "service.", AID_SYSTEM, 0 }, { "wlan.", AID_SYSTEM, 0 }, { "dhcp.", AID_SYSTEM, 0 },

Or if you are rolling your own build you could add your own key if you really wanted but it seems easier to reuse one of the above.

answered Sep 15, 2015 by KelleyGatty
0 votes

You could exec out to the getprop command:

String line = "";
try {
 Process ifc = Runtime.getRuntime().exec("getprop ro.hardware");
 BufferedReader bis = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(ifc.getInputStream()));
 line = bis.readLine();
} catch (java.io.IOException e) {
}
ifc.destroy();
answered Sep 15, 2015 by GenIbk
0 votes

The class posted as an answer from user Void has a bunch of unnecessary things. Here is my class that uses reflection on android.os.SystemProperties:

/*
 * Copyright (C) 2015 Jared Rummler 
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

/**
 * Gives access to the system properties store. The system properties tore contains a list of string
 * key-value pairs.
 */
public class SystemProperties {

    private static Class CLASS;

    static {
        try {
            CLASS = Class.forName("android.os.SystemProperties");
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
        }
    }

    /** Get the value for the given key. */
    public static String get(String key) {
        try {
            return (String) CLASS.getMethod("get", String.class).invoke(null, key);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            return null;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Get the value for the given key.
     * 
     * @return if the key isn't found, return def if it isn't null, or an empty string otherwise
     */
    public static String get(String key, String def) {
        try {
            return (String) CLASS.getMethod("get", String.class, String.class).invoke(null, key,
                def);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            return def;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Get the value for the given key, and return as an integer.
     * 
     * @param key
     *            the key to lookup
     * @param def
     *            a default value to return
     * @return the key parsed as an integer, or def if the key isn't found or cannot be parsed
     */
    public static int getInt(String key, int def) {
        try {
            return (Integer) CLASS.getMethod("getInt", String.class, int.class).invoke(null, key,
                def);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            return def;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Get the value for the given key, and return as a long.
     * 
     * @param key
     *            the key to lookup
     * @param def
     *            a default value to return
     * @return the key parsed as a long, or def if the key isn't found or cannot be parsed
     */
    public static long getLong(String key, long def) {
        try {
            return (Long) CLASS.getMethod("getLong", String.class, long.class).invoke(null, key,
                def);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            return def;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Get the value for the given key, returned as a boolean. Values 'n', 'no', '0', 'false' or
     * 'off' are considered false. Values 'y', 'yes', '1', 'true' or 'on' are considered true. (case
     * sensitive). If the key does not exist, or has any other value, then the default result is
     * returned.
     * 
     * @param key
     *            the key to lookup
     * @param def
     *            a default value to return
     * @return the key parsed as a boolean, or def if the key isn't found or is not able to be
     *         parsed as a boolean.
     */
    public static boolean getBoolean(String key, boolean def) {
        try {
            return (Boolean) CLASS.getMethod("getBoolean", String.class, boolean.class).invoke(
                null, key, def);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            return def;
        }
    }

    private SystemProperties() {

    }
}
answered Sep 15, 2015 by Jul8032
0 votes

After lots of Searching i Found a way to set the system property for Android. I was not able to find solution for Android Lollipop version.But i was successful in doing so. For setting system property we need to use import android.os.SystemProperties SystemProperties.set(key, value). e.g. SystemProperties.set("sys.android", 5.0)

Now u need to give permissions to the new system property Go to /home/inkkashy04/Android_Lollypop/external/sepolicy/property_contexts and give suitable permission to your property sys.android u:object_r:system_prop:s0

Now after flashing your image u can see ur systemp properties listed by command: adb shell getprop

answered Sep 15, 2015 by CecMayo

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