linq to sql set connection string dynamically based on environment variable

linq to sql set connection string dynamically based on environment variable  using -',linq,linq-to-sql,connection-string'

I need to set my connection string for Linq to Sql based on an environment variable.  I have a function which will return the connection string from the web.config based on the environment variable, but how do I get Linq to always use this "dynamically created" connection string (preferably without having to specify it every time)?

I know I can specify the connection string using the constructor, but how does that work when using the datacontext in a LinqDataSource?

asked Sep 21, 2015 by deepak07.s
0 votes

4 Answers

0 votes


MyDataClassesDataContext db = new MyDataClassesDataContext(dynamicConnString);

For a LinqDataSource, intercept the ContextCreating event and create the DataContext manually as above:

protected void LinqDataSource_ContextCreating(object sender, LinqDataSourceContextEventArgs e)
    e.ObjectInstance = new MyDataClassesDataContext (dynamicConnString);

From MSDN:

By default, the LinqDataSource control creates an instance of the type that is specified in the ContextTypeName property. The LinqDataSource control calls the default constructor of the data context object to create an instance of the object. It is possible that you have to use a non-default constructor or you have to create an object that differs from the one specified in the ContextTypeName property. In that case, you must handle the ContextCreating event and manually create the data context object.

answered Sep 21, 2015 by gauravg.gwl
0 votes
  • Open up the LINQ to SQL designer, and open the Properties tab of the designer (the schema itself), expand Connection and set Application Settings to False. Save.

  • Close that down and open up your DataContext designer file (dbml_name.designer.cs) and alter the DataContext constructor. You will immediately notice how your connection string decided to jump in here as you turned off application wide settings. So the part to focus on here is altering the base() inheritor. Renaming ConnString” below to suit your own. I also noticed a DatabaseAttribute on the class which I don’t think plays a big part and has any implications on the connection settings. You will also need a reference to System.Configuration:

    public dbDataContext() : base(ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["MyConnString"].ConnectionString, mappingSource)

  • Open the App.config or Web.config featured in the project where your LINQ to SQL classes reside, and rename the connection string to what you defined as “MyConnString“.

  • You now must Cut the entire entry with name change and Paste it into either the App.config or Web.config of the application which is to access the data, such as a web application, Silverlight, WPF, WCF etc. It is important that you alter the configuration file of the calling application which is to access the data, as the ConfigurationManager defined in your LINQ to SQL classes will look for the .config file from where the calling application is executing from, no matter where your LINQ to SQL classes have been Defined. As you can see, it works a little differently from before.

  • Now Right Click and open the Properties on your DAL or project containing your LINQ to SQL classes and remove the connection string “Application Setting” reference on the Settings tab.

  • Rebuild. You’re all done, now just do a Find in Files check for perhaps your database name that you know was featured in the connection string to check for any stragglers, there shouldn’t be any.

answered Sep 21, 2015 by akasati02
0 votes

you can change the connection string dynamically if you will implement the OnCreated() function. This function is a partial function and it can be implemented in seperate file other than where you dbml exists.

for detail please see this article

answered Sep 21, 2015 by sachin valanju
0 votes

If you dont want to add the event listener to every page you can follow this link

answered Sep 21, 2015 by deven.bendale